Julia Safronova (European University at Saint Petersburg)


Course description
The course focuses on one of new ways of memory studies – material measurement of cultural memory and the processes of its transformation. There are several units in the course, every unit discusses one type of objects containing data. 1. Memory apart from writing: landscape, cartography and imagination of the nation, egyptian temple and ritual (J. Assmann). The past of big objects: the cities and their reconstruction – between expert knowledge and memory of the citizens. Memory of things: nostalgia as a topic of historical research, use of archaeological data in political debates, living history and reconstruction of “great battles” as a social phenomenon. Museums and historical policy of the state: project and research work of Russian and European museums. 2. Invention of writing and transformation of memory practices: memory and canon, text as a mediator of memory. Archive as a place (of memory. Amnesia phenomenon as a problem of memory studies. Digital History and electronic archives. Private archive and its transformation during the media age. Memory on-line: Wikipedia, You Tube, social networks. Questions for discussion include: How do material objects participate in construction of history, memory and amnesia? How do they influence the genesis and types of commemoration practices? What is the role of new media in this process?

Teaching methods
This course is a workshop designed to encourage creative teamwork, daring experiments and crazy projects. This workshop involves a kind of disengagement from ones’ own research plans in favor of co-creation. Starting from the third week, we will devote the last 30 minutes of every workshop to the analysis of the memory media discussed in the class as applied to the topic chosen for the whole semester.
Example: if we have been discussing the memory of Fyodor Dostoevsky in Russia for the whole semester, then, in a lesson about memory landscapes, we can talk about the F.M. Dostoevsky’s Parents Memorial House-Museum; about monuments: how people take photos against the background of the writer’s grave in the Alexander Nevsky Lavra in St. Petersburg; about a popular culture story: a character from the anime ‘Bungou Stray Dogs’.
During the second week, the group should coordinate a cross-cutting topic / topics for the whole semester with the teacher, guided by their own interests, as well as the availability of materials for analysis.

Student Requirements & Assessment of the Course
Each seminar is led by two attendants. The task of leader 1 is to organize a discussion on the proposed texts: they think through the general course of the discussion, prepares additional materials, etc. Each of the seminar participants prepares two questions for discussion in advance and sends them to the seminar leader and the teacher at the latest one day before the lesson. Leader 2 selects materials for analysis at the workshop, as well as thinks out a plan for their analysis, focusing on the texts proposed for discussion in the first part of the lesson. Materials are sent to all participants at least one day before the lesson. Collective creativity of two leaders is highly desirable.
After the lesson, leader 1 prepares a written statement at least 5000 characters long. It can be a detailed answer to one of the questions proposed by the group; reflections on all the texts read; an analysis of the discussion; a criticism of the questions posed; or their own proposal. The statement is sent to the entire group a day before the next lesson. A new lesson begins with a discussion of the sent statement. Leader 2 prepares a review of the results of the workshop in the amount of at least 5000 characters. They may either put down the interpretations proposed by the group or offer their own analysis of the sources discussed.
The final class will be fully devoted to summing up the results of the collective project. The group can make a general overview of all the discussions held, noting the successes and failures; suggest additional sources for interpretation, etc. or focus on one or two most interesting cases discussed earlier.
The last 30 minutes of the lesson will be devoted to writing an individual written assignment - an abstract of the article which could be the result of a collective project (3-5 thousand characters).

Evaluation methods
Leadership 1 30%
Leadership 2 30%
In-class participation 20%
Final assignment 20%


Week 1: Lecture. Media and memory: new approach or dead end?
Berensmeyer I. From Media Anthropology to Media Ecology // Travelling concepts for the study of culture. Ed. Neumann B., Nuenning A. Berlin, Boston, De Gruyter, 321-335.
Zierold M. Memory and Media Cultures // Cultural Memory Studies : An International and Interdisciplinary Handbook. Walter de Gruyter, 2008, 399 – 408.
Hoskins A. Media, Memory, Metaphor: Remembering and the Connective Turn // Parallax, 2011, 17:4, 19-31.

Week 2: Lecture. Memory dynamics: premediation, remediation, hypermediation
Erll A., Rigney A. Introduction: Cultural Memory and its Dynamics // Media and Cultural Memory Walter de Gruyter, 2009, 1-5.
Erill A. Remembering across Time, Space, and Cultures: Premediation, Remediation and the “Indian Mutiny” // Media and Cultural Memory Walter de Gruyter, 2009, 109-138.
Assmann A.Texts, Traces, Trash: The Changing Media of Cultural Memory // Representations, No. 56, Special Issue: The New Erudition (Autumn, 1996), 123-134.

Week 3: Seminar. Landscapes of memory
Lowenthal D. The Past is a Foreign Country. CambridgeUniversityPress, 1984, 238-248, 290-323.
Basu P.Memory scapes and Multi-Sited Methods // Research Methods for Memory Studies. Edinburgh University Press, 2013.
Tolia-Kelly, Divya P. Mediations in Memory/History: The Art of Making Environmental Memory Tangible on Canvas // Heritage, Culture and Identity : Landscape, Race and Memory : Material Ecologies of Citizenship. Ch. 6, 117-142.

Week 3: Seminar. Materiality of memory
Lindsey A Freeman, Benjamin Nienass, Rachel Daniell Memory|Materiality|Sensuality // Memory Studies 2016, Vol. 9(1), 3–12.
Lisa Rosén Rasmussen Touching materiality: Presenting the past of everyday school life // Memory Studies 5(2), 114–130.
Jonathan Bach The Berlin Wall after the Berlin Wall: Site into sight // Memory Studies 2016, Vol. 9(1), 48–62.

Week 4: Games with History
De Groot History games // Consuming history: historians and heritage in contemporary popular culture. 2016. De Groot Historical re-enactment// Consuming history: historians and heritage in contemporary popular culture. 2016.
Maghan O’Brien Backhous Re-enacting the Wars of the Roses: History and Identity // People and their Pasts. PublicHistoryRoday. 2009. P. 113-130
Gernot H. Repeating history? The computer game as historiographic device // Zvereva, Vera. Memory, Conflict and New Media : Web Wars in Post-Socialist States, edited by Ellen Rutten, and Julie Fedor, Taylor & Francis Group, 2013.

Week 5: Seminar. Archives and Social Memory
Archives and Social Memory// Archives, Documentation, and Institutions of Social Memory : Essays from the Sawyer Seminar. Blouin, Francis Xavier, Rosenberg, William G. University of Michigan Press, 2011, 169-181, 193-206
Sternfeld J. Archival Theory and Digital Historiography: Selection, Search, and Metadata as Archival Processes for Assessing Historical Contextualization // The American Archivist
Vol. 74, No. 2 (Fall/Winter 2011), 544-575

Week 6: Lecture. Postmemory / Post-memory?
Hirsch M Family Pictures: Maus, Mourning, and Post-Memory // Discourse, 1992. Vol. 15, No. 2. (Winter 1992-93), 3-29.
Hirsch M. The Generation of Postmemory // Poetics Today 29:1 (Spring 2008), 103-128

Week 7: Seminar. Mediators of Family Memory
De Groot J. Genealogy and family history // Consuming history: historians and heritage in contemporary popular culture. 2016.
Pickering M., Keightley E. Vernacular Remembering // Research Methods for Memory Studies. Edinburgh University Press, 2013, 97-112.

Week 8: Seminar. Voicing the Past
Voicing the Past: BBC Radio 4 and the Aberfan Disaster of 1963 // Garde-Hansen, Joanne. Media and Memory, Edinburgh University Press, 2011
Higgins M. Imagining and Addressing the Nation on Irish Talk Radio // Irelands of the Mind : Memory and Identity in Modern Irish Culture, edited by Richard C. Allen, and Stephen Regan, Cambridge Scholars Publisher, 2008.
Smith, Andrea L., and Anna Eisenstein. Rebuilding Shattered Worlds: Creating Community by Voicing the Past, UNP - Nebraska, 2016. (Ch. 4. Voices from the Past)

Week 9: Seminar. Photography as Memory Media
Hilmar T. Storyboards of remembrance: Representations of the past in visitors’ photography at Auschwitz // Memory Studies 2016, Vol. 9(4), 455–470.
Brink С. Secular Icons: Looking at Photographs from Nazi Concentration Camps, // History and Memory 15:1(Spring/Summer 2000), 135-150.
Towards a Concept of Connected Memory: The Photo Album Goes Mobile // Garde-Hansen, Joanne. Media and Memory, Edinburgh University Press, 2011.

Week 10: Seminar. TV as Memory Media
Hoskins A. Television and the Collapse of Memory // Time and Society, Vol. 13. No. 1. (2004), pp. 109-127
Kitch C. Placing journalism inside memory – and memory studies // Memory studies. 2008. №. 3. pp. 311-320.
Zelizer B. Cold War redux and the news: Islamic State and the US through each other’s eyes // Critical Studies in Media Communication. 2018. Vol. 35, No. 1, pp. 8–23

Week 11: Lecture. Digital Memory
De Groot Digital History // Consuming history: historians and heritage in contemporary popular culture. 2016. Pp. 87-104/
Digital Memories: The Democratisation of Archives // Garde-Hansen, Joanne. Media and Memory, Edinburgh University Press, 2011. 70-88.

Week 12: Seminar. Digital Memory
Hoskins A. Digital Network Memory // Media and Cultural Memory Walter de Gruyter, 2009.
Schwarz O. The past next door: Neighborly relations with digital memory-artifacts // Memory Studies 2014, Vol 7(1) 7–21
Downloading and Playing an Explicit and Implicit Past // Lizardi R. Mediated Nostalgia : Individual Memory and Contemporary Mass Media, Lexington Books, 2014.

Week 13: Digital Memory of Soviet Past
Bernstein S. Remembering war, remaining Soviet: Digital commemoration of World War II in Putin’s Russia // Memory Studies 2016, Vol. 9(4) 422–436
Kaprāns M. Hegemonic representations of the past and digital agency: Giving meaning to “The Soviet Story” on social networking sites // Memory Studies 2016, Vol. 9(2) 156–172
Pashlok M. Between Runet and Ukrnet Mapping the Crimean web war // Memory, Conflict and New Media : Web Wars in Post-Socialist States, edited by Ellen Rutten, and Julie Fedor, Taylor & Francis Group, 2013.

Week 14: Seminar Final discussion + in-class final assignment


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